The education of humans has forever been at the forefront of technological innovations. Technology has continued to push educational skills to a new level. It began, from the days when pictorial representations were made on walls and figures were carved out on stones to explain students various things to now, when most of the students have various kinds of portable, handy, and mobile technological gadgets at any point in time.
When we take a look at where today\’s innovations for education and gadgets that have helped in it have come from and where they are leading our lives through education in the upcoming times, the role of technology in the sector of education becomes all the clearer than it has ever been.
Today\’s Technology In The Classroom
Most of today\’s time, classes are nothing like the ones we remember from our childhood. The Chalk, which used to once write on a blackboard, has been substituted by a stylus pen, and you may change the color of your stylus pen\’s writing on the board with a tap of the screen. E-readers have supplanted textbooks, and parent-teacher conferences can now be held via video conferencing. Within the classroom, technology is used for a variety of purposes.
Technology can be utilized to enrich lectures and to do research work that we have to do in our assignments. For kids with low language ability, technology can also be employed as a means of communication. This session will focus on the growth of technology in the educational sector and specifically how we\’ve progressed from chalkboards to personal gadgets.
Technology Innovations For Education
First and foremost, we must see what we refer to when we use the word \”technology\” in the context of education. Certain examples come up in our head within a fraction of a second like Smartboards, digital cameras, cell phones, tablets, the internet, social media, and, of course, the computer is all examples of technology that are used to aid the process of learning of students these days. It is urged by the ministers and bureaucrats these days to schools to provide meaningful learning experiences that reflect students\’ everyday lives.
How often do we observe our kids utilizing their own individual devices such as mobiles, tablets, and laptops during the day as educators? Isn\’t it a matter to ponder upon?
It makes no difference how old or young a pupil is; they are all drawn to technology. The more things and concepts you teach through technology in the classroom, the more engaged and attentive your pupils will be. Consider being you a student. What did technology seem like back then for you? When you initially started teaching, how did it look? What is the current state of affairs in your class? Let\’s look at how the technology of the education sector has evolved over the last four decades.
Evolution Of Technology In The Classrooms
Let\’s have a look back at it.
The Primitive Classroom
Horn-Books that were wooden paddles with lessons printed on them were used to help students learn rhymes during the Colonial period. Finally, after more than 200 years, the Magic Lantern, a crude version of a slide projector that projected images printed on glass plates, was introduced in 1870. Around 8,000 lantern slides had circulated through the Chicago public school system when World War I was coming to an end.
It was evident that pupils were clamoring for more advanced instructional tools by the time the chalkboard arrived in 1890; it was followed by a new trend in the 1900s by pencil.
In the 1920s, radio ushered in a whole new era of education, with on-air schools for students having listening abilities. After that, in 1930 came the overhead projector, which was then later in 1940 followed by the ballpoint pens, and finally, in 1950, headphones.
In 1951, videotapes emerged on the market, ushering in a new and fascinating means of learning.
The Skinner Teaching Machine created a teaching and testing system that reinforced correct responses so that the learner may progress to the next session.
The photocopier; year – 1959 and handheld calculator; year – 1972were the next devices to make their way into classrooms, allowing for on-the-fly bulk production of materials and quick mathematical calculations. Michael Sokolski invented the Scantron testing technology in 1972, which allowed educators to evaluate examinations more swiftly and efficiently.
The times when there were no computers influenced the computer choices made in the coming up years. Immediate response devices like the video, calculator, and Scantron had become vital, and photocopier-based quick creation of teaching materials had become the norm. According to the United States Department of Education, high school attendance was barely 10% in 1900 but had increased to 95% by 1992.
In 1930, there were roughly 1 million college students. Still, by 2012, that number had risen to a new and very high record of 21.6 million. As a result, teachers needed new teaching and testing methods. At the same time, students wanted interesting and new ways to study the concepts and learn them, and communicate with their peers.
The next in line was computers.
Personal Computers: Their Inception and Importance
Although the earliest computers were built in the 1930s, it was not until the 1980s that everyday-use computers were launched. The first portable computer, which cost $1,795, weighed 24 pounds and weighed 24 pounds. However, the educational world recognized it was on the edge of greatness when IBM unveiled its first personal computer in 1981, which was a massive advancement in technology then.
Although many people predicted that the computer would revolutionize education, it had severe drawbacks. Basic word processing was done on computers at the time. The computer\’s full potential would not be realized until the release in the year 1990 of the World Wide Web. Students were able to undertake basic research without having to visit a library thanks to the World Wide Web.
Communication became easier as more students, instructors, and parents adopted this new technology. In 1982, The Time magazine then named The Computer as \”Man of the Year,\” and rightly so: the groundwork for instant learning had been created. \”It is the culmination of a technological revolution that has been in the making for four decades and is now, quite literally, hitting home,\” as said by Time magazine.
The T1100, Toshiba\’s first mass-market consumer laptop, was produced in 1985. Apple\’s notorious Mac (later renamed the Powerbook) was available in 1984.
When a British researcher created HyperText Markup Language, or HTML, in 1990, and NSF, that is National Science Foundation in the year 1993 lifted limits on commercial use of the internet, the globe exploded into a flurry of this new thing and how convenient it was.
Apple Computer Inc. produced the first Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) in 1993. Computers became part and parcel of our life after that. By 2009, 97 percent of classrooms mostly had more than one computer, with 93 percent of those computers having a connection to the internet. There was one computer for every five students.
This was an add-on to the whiteboards, which were found to be very amusing and interactive along with digital cameras; instructors reported that 40% of students, which in itself is a massive amount, used computers often in their pedagogical approaches. Today\’s college students rarely have access to computer technology: 83 percent have a laptop, and more than half have a smartphone.
Technology\’s Future In The Educational Sector
Since the introduction of MySpace, which happened in the year 2003, Facebook, which came in the year 2004, and Twitter which came in the year 2007, the communication and business sectors have changed dramatically. Instant communication has evolved from a personal communication tool to a stage for the world for reaching out to each other and for educational training.
Technology is seen as a valid form of learning at some places, and people do get scholarships for that. It looks after the teaching staff by providing them with the required assistance. It has also been proven as a good forum for one-to-one interactions that really helps in doubt clearance and understanding the concepts better.
With the classroom already being a hotspot of technology advancements, what does the future hold in advancing educational proficiency even further?
To start with, Biometrics; is a technology that identifies people based on their physical features and behavioral attributes. This is going to flourish more in the future as it\’s going to be customized as per the other person\’s needs. Augmented Reality (AR) glasses are said to be the next thing for our future. It transfers you to a different world virtually, by also you stay in the real world.
Now that we have had a look at the current and future devices of the classroom, let us also look at the age-old devices in detail that have been used. So here are the nine earliest technology innovations for education that have paved the way for today. Well, would you not want to have a look at it?
- Hieroglyphics are hieroglyphic hieroglyphics: Egyptian hieroglyphs existed before we knew the ABCs. Hieroglyphs, which date back to 3300 BC, is thought to be the first type of writing. The concept of it was innovative and cleared the path for other written languages to emerge.
- Abacus Calculations now may seem impossible without numbers, but counting was done with stones and twigs before they were invented. More difficult maths calculations also became possible after the introduction of the abacus. However, the abacus that we are now aware of today was first utilised by the Greeks in 300 BC.
- The world\’s first analogue computer The first analogue computer arrived even before writing materials were invented, believe it or not. The Antikythera mechanism, which was constructed by the Greeks circa 150 BC to predict astronomical positions and eclipses, is the world\’s earliest analogue computer. A knowledge of this sort helped me better understand time and space.
- A pencil and a quill pen Before the invention of pens and pencils, writing was done on wax sheets, on which thin alphabetical letters and numerals were carved on. Around 700 AD, the first quill pen was produced, which used feathers from birds who were alive such as sparrows, eagles, pigeons etc. . This eventually gave way to the more efficient pens and hence happened their evolution from nibbed metal pens to fountain pens to ballpoint pens today. However, pencils were not invented until 1795, when the uses of graphite came more into the limelight
- Press for printing The printing press was invented in the year 1041 in China. It made document copying way easier, and it enabled mass book manufacturing. As a result, knowledge spread quickly throughout Europe, resulting in more literate people and a better economy.
- Initial correspondence education
Correspondence courses were the forerunners of online learning, with Anna Eliot Ticknor founding the first correspondence school in 1873 in Boston. She started it to encourage women to study in their leisure time. Even though students were charged a nominal price to utilise the lending library, the professors provided their skills for free.
- Calculator. In Japan, in the year 1903, the first mechanical calculator was patented. It was majorly different from the electricity-based calculators that today\’s pupils are accustomed to, with its single-cylinder and 22 gears. The \’Curta,\’ a small hand-cranked calculator, was introduced in 1948. Despite its high cost, it became the most popular handy and mobile calculator till the time electronic calculators were developed in the 1970s when it was eventually supplanted.
- Mobile Learning It is readily a new concept with people still adapting to it. However, they have massively due to the pandemic covid-19 that hit us. So these days, students are learning concepts from it and even attending classes virtually through it.
- Tablet Tablets are commonly seen as a twenty-first-century invention. However, they have been around since 1989. The GriDPAD was the first tablet introduced in this world. It had some basic features like access to the internet, a touch screen keypad, and handwriting recognition technology.
Educators And Their Evolution With Technology In The Classroom
Educational capabilities are changing as per the need of the hour as technology advances. For example, the internet is a massive electronic repository of information. You may do both research and instruction with a single mouse click. As a result of these advancements, instructors now have new duties, which increases the value of studying a Master of Science in Education in Learning Design and Technology.
As technology evolves, an educator\’s capacities will expand massively, and an instructor unaware of these developments and capabilities risks being left behind. A profession in education necessitates hard work and devotion, but it can be extremely rewarding for the dedicated educator. Therefore, staying informed about current and developing technology is critical for individuals who want to succeed in education.
As this technology advances, so will the learning environment, both on and off-campus, and the demand for teachers having a background of technology and its design shall continue to increase.
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