Concerning Globalization and Technology in Education

Globalization, a contemporary term with its far-reaching effects, holds so much value in the entire world. It has a major contribution in reshaping global value chains and increasing the movement of resources from one country to another, thereby bringing development. Both positive and negative impacts of globalization have been seen in the past years, and therefore it holds various connotations for scholars. It has provided countless opportunities for employment and growth, while on the other side it has majorly affected the domestic culture and education, which has now become a major concern.

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Globalization in the short term is a process to enhance worldwide growth while having some shortcomings. It denotes the processes through which national states are connected with varying prospects of orientations, power, and networks. It results in interdependencies of the various countries\’ economies, ecology, culture, politics, and civil societies. Globalization has now become irreversible due to great expansion in trade and the growing power of transnational corporations. Globalization has majorly contributed to a country\’s economy but brings forth some political, cultural, and economic dilemmas. It acts as a two-sided coin with both positive and negative outcomes. Here we will get more in detail about globalization and its effects on the education system.

Defining Globalization

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Globalization is a complex phenomenon of the free flow of goods, services, people, and technology from one country to another without any license or restrictions. It integrates the world into one economic space and provides enormous growth to a global platform. Globalization has proved to be an essential element in the economic history of mankind. It has accelerated businesses and interaction among industries and companies worldwide. The complex framework has created transnational social links, revalues local culture, promotes third culture and image flows at various levels.

According to Cheng (2000), globalization may refer to the transfer, adaption, and development of values, technology, knowledge, and behavioral norms across societies and communities in different parts of the world. It has radically revolutionized the globe in every aspect. The world economy has become more empirical and competitive. Due to globalization, there is an increase in interdependence among the communities and a wider circulation of capital and technologies.

Multinational production, trade among the international markets, and the information revolution have resulted in causing globalization. The consequences of globalization involve global economic and industrial growth and speedup movement of cultural practices. It encourages environmental sustainability within physical boundaries but also results in loss of biodiversity and deforestation due to rapid industrial growth.

Accepting common values and consumption of standardized cultural products is resulting in eliminating boundaries and causing distances among the societies to be eliminated. Globalization could also mean that some part of a job could be performed in one country. At the same time, other works are being handled from an office in another country, doctors in one country can diagnose a patient from other parts of the world, or a student can learn from a teacher of other countries. This shows that globalization affects a wide range of people on a regional or global basis.

Let us take an example like watching an Olympics game in Athens, Greece, which is broadcast all over the world using satellite technology developed in France and manufactured in the US. The players from around 100+ countries are participating in the Olympics with a variety of sports from different countries. Now you are watching the game from a different country while your clothes and shoes are from different parts of the world. Globalization has entered your living room. These examples make the formal definition of globalization very clear to understand how the world has slowly become borderless.

Globalization Of Education

Globalization of education means how worldwide networks, processes, and institutions are affecting the educational practices and policies of a country. Education is one of the central pillars of pluralist democracy, and it\’s the most important to constitute a well-developed society. It has a major role in providing quality life to people and enhancing human capabilities.

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However, Social and economic inequalities have resulted in getting the riches having more assets than the combined gross national product of the least developed countries and their whole population. In describing this, Debris states that globalization has altered the world economy and created winners and losers in education and societies globally. Global educational policies and practices are being adopted by some nations who then try to independently control the school system to compete in the global economy.

Equality in educational opportunities will result in skilled citizens and hence more employment and economic growth. To increase citizens\’ participation in the national community, the government needs to create an institutional framework with broad access and opportunities. Education acts as a foundation for human potential and democracy, and it\’s linked to globalization which has somehow affected the fundamental condition of an education system.

Globalization has increased the focus on lifelong learning for all and enhancing an individual\’s social and economic prospects. Multicultural awareness will inspire better decision-making in worldwide affairs. Students can take advantage of the education opportunities available in different parts of the world. Globalization and education work as a whole to provide technically and scientifically skilled citizens to a nation. It encourages the students to work in a team, communicate and interact with others and engage in various learning activities to break boundaries of space and time. Experimentations and collaborations are essential assets for the global sharing of knowledge.

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Let\’s look at how globalization is seen in the education sector. It could be due to international institutions operating in the host countries, enrollment of international students, or virtual campuses for marketing education using cyberspace. As the global language in businesses and tourism, English has now become part of the curriculum in local schools. In economic terms, both workers and consumers are needed to be trained to co-exist in the diverse public space. The curriculum is based on economic demand, and education has become a market good rather than a merit good. Increasing international trade and industrialization and especially the rise in technological advancement have made education a marketable commodity.

In modern education, we can see the interference of government in education, syllabus, and management. In political terms, the control of the state over the institution gets subsequently decreased, and disintegration of the local culture happens. Due to increasing challenges and competitions, private institutes increase the fee structure of their courses and curriculum. A student below the poverty line could hardly afford; hence, fewer student admissions from rural areas. Commercialization and commoditization of education will result in the education gap followed by income inequalities.

Seeing the positive and negative effects of globalization and how education becomes a commodity where sponsored institutions often determine learning curricula, there is a major need to formulate policies in this direction. These policies should also be able to capture the opportunities offered by the advent of globalization. Technological and vocational teaching must be available for all, and equal access to higher education must be promoted based on merit.

Globalization Of Technology

Globalization has allowed developing countries to access advanced technologies of developed countries for technological upgrading, which provides the opportunity to raise per capita income. Technology has become a major element of globalization, and the acceleration in the rate of technological change has significantly increased competitiveness.

The advances in technology have also contributed to increasing globalization, shaping the world\’s history, trade, social interaction, and other valuable economic, social, and cultural capital exchanges. Internet and digital technology have produced development in information and communication technology, resulting in the emergence of small and high-tech firms, reduced costs, and improved efficiency accompanied by a change in the way we live. Most of the firms nowadays are adjusting themselves to the growing demand for dynamism in their technological efforts to stay competitive.

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Technologically advanced nations have a competitive advantage in the contemporary world; hence developing countries need to acquire greater technological capabilities to succeed in the more demanding global environment. However, technology has influenced both social and economic sectors of a nation; our focus is on learning how technology has revolutionized the education system and Effective technology adoption in the teaching environment.

Education At The Intersection Of Globalization And Technology

Globalization has made technology a crucial part of learning and teaching in educational institutions in the past few years. Due to this, we now have a well-strategized information management model. There are countless possibilities for students to deliver information worldwide and attend international institution courses through distance learning. Technology in globalization is how to create a better life and develop a nation. While technology has led to an increase in globalization, globalization has also helped spread technology in different parts of the world. Technology has made it possible to provide more effective platforms for communication and hence more challenges and competition for the students. In contrast, globalization has helped people to work together and contribute to the economy.

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The government aims to make it a generally accepted tool in the educational setting. To enhance the learning and teaching process, stakeholders provide educational technology affordances such as the internet, laptops, projectors, smart boards, and various other things. As of January 2021, there were 4.66 billion active internet users worldwide, which is 59.5 percent of the global population. Of this total, 4.32 billion accessed the internet via mobile devices. The use of technology and computers at an early age provides access to the students to learn digital skills and build understanding to develop more new technology or get jobs in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Maths).

The technology-powered globalized world has enabled the students to gain knowledge even from the backward areas or in humanitarian emergencies such as natural disasters or war. Due to technology, education is accessible to all, and that too at an affordable price. Artificial intelligence, e-books, mobile technology, virtual reality, and the internet are reference centers for learning, teaching, research, and development. Technology has further enhanced the freedom of information usage, research, and learning collaborations worldwide. Information exchange for learning is efficiently managed in this digital world, and access to international certifications has improved.

Recent indigenous growth theory explains the technology gap between the rich and poor countries. It implies that development policy should concentrate on the interaction between technology and skills to facilitate the reduction of the idea gap. Suppose the distribution of technology adoption for the cross-countries remains constant over time. In that case, we can see a significant increase in the national economy and per-capita income. the interdependence of globalization, technology, and education will ignite a virtuous cycle of skill accumulation. If global access to information and communication technologies comes in equity, then people can acquire the knowledge and skills to take advantage of technology.

The technology gap between countries could result in a skill gap. Hence, more reflective use of technology for education is emerging, with the increasing focus on rigor, learning, and contributing to the evidence base for the sector. Technology usage can also affect student learning positively and negatively. However, the control over its positive or negative usage rests in the hands of an individual. Technology is present to create a positive learning environment that fosters creativity among students.

Also Read-: Diploma or B.Tech after 12th .

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